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  • Access Point

    An access point is a device, such as a wireless router, that allows wireless devices to connect to a network. Most access points have built-in routers, while others must be connected to a router in order to provide network access. In either case, access points are typically hardwired to other devices, such as network switches or broadband modems.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. Per Christensson. 7 March 2013. <http://www.techterms.com>



     

  • Active Directory (AD)

     

    Is a directory service that Microsoft developed for Windows domain networks and is included in most Windows Server operating systems as a set of processes and services. An AD domain controller authenticates and authorizes all users and computers in a Windows domain type network—assigning and enforcing security policies for all computers and installing or updating software. For example, when a user logs into a computer that is part of a Windows domain, Active Directory checks the submitted password and determines whether the user is a system administrator or normal user. Active Directory makes use of Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) versions 2 and 3, Microsoft's version of Kerberos, and DNS.


    Wikipedia, 6/29/15

  • Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS)

     

    Is a software component developed by Microsoft that can be installed on Windows Server operating systems to provide users with single sign-on access to systems and applications located across organizational boundaries. It uses a claims-based access control authorization model to maintain application security and implement federated identity. Claims-based authentication is the process of authenticating a user based on a set of claims about its identity contained in a trusted token. Such a token is often issued and signed by an entity that is able to authenticate the user by other means, and that is trusted by the entity doing the claims-based authentication.

    Wikipedia, 6/29/15

  • ActiveX

     

    A technology introduced by Microsoft in 1996 as part of the OLE framework. It includes a collection of prewritten software components that developers can implement within an application or webpage. This provides a simple way for programmers to add extra functionality to their software or website without needing to write code from scratch. Software add-ons created with ActiveX are called ActiveX controls. These controls can be implemented in all types of programs, but they are most commonly distributed as small Web applications. For example, a basic ActiveX control might display a clock on a webpage. Advanced ActiveX controls can be used for creating stock tickers, interactive presentations, or even Web-based games. ActiveX controls are similar to Java applets, but run through the ActiveX framework rather than the Java Runtime Environment (JRE). This means you must have ActiveX installed on your computer in order to view ActiveX controls in your Web browser. Additionally, when loading a custom ActiveX control within a webpage, you may be prompted to install it. If this happens, you should only accept the download if it is from a trusted source. While ActiveX provide a convenient way for Web developers to add interactive content to their websites, the technology is not supported by all browsers. In fact, ActiveX is only officially supported by Internet Explorer for Windows. Therefore, ActiveX controls are rarely used in today's websites. Instead, most interactive content is published using Flash, JavaScript, or embedded media.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. Per Christensson. 7 March 2013. <http://www.techterms.com>



     

  • Adapter

     

    A device that allows a specific type of hardware to work with another device that would otherwise be incompatible. Examples of adapters include electrical adapters, video adapters, audio adapters, and network adapters.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. Per Christensson. 7 March 2013. <http://www.techterms.com>




     

  • Add-on

    A software extension that adds extra features to a program. It may extend certain functions within the program, add new items to the program's interface, or give the program additional capabilities. For example, Mozilla Firefox, a popular Web browser, supports add-ons such as the Google toolbar, ad blockers, and Web developer tools. Some computer games support add-ons that provide extra maps, new characters, or give the player game-editing capabilities.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. Per Christensson. 7 March 2013.



     

  • Address Bar

    A text field near the top of a Web browser window that displays the URL of the current webpage. The URL, or web address, reflects the address of the current page and automatically changes whenever you visit a new webpage. Therefore, you can always check the location of the webpage you are currently viewing with the browser's address bar.



    Tech Terms Dictionary. Per Christensson. 7 March 2013.



     

  • ADF

    An Automatic Document Feeder is used in copiers and scanners to feed pages into the machine. It allows multiple pages to be copied or scanned at one time without the need to place each individual page in the copier or scanner.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. Per Christensson. 7 March 2013. <http://www.techterms.com>




     

  • Adware

    A free software that is supported by advertisements. Common adware programs are toolbars that sit on your desktop or work in conjunction with your Web browser. They include features like advanced searching of the Web or your hard drive and better organization of your bookmarks and shortcuts. Adware can also be more advanced programs such as games or utilities. They are free to use, but require you to watch advertisements as long as the programs are open. Since the ads often allow you to click to a Web site, adware typically requires an active Internet connection to run.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. Per Christensson. 7 March 2013. <http://www.techterms.com>




     

  • Alumni Role
    Users with the role of alumni (active alumni) are permitted to access managed resources such as e-mail, calendars, Ozone, printing, etc.






  • Android
    A mobile operating system developed by Google. It is used by several smartphones, such as the Motorola Droid, the Samsung Galaxy, and Google's Nexus One. The Android operating system is based on the open Linux kernel.

    Unlike the iPhone OS, Android is open source, meaning developers can modify and customize the OS for each phone. Therefore, different Android-based phones may have different graphical user interfaces GUIs even though they use the same OS.

    Since several manufacturers make Android-based phones, it is not always easy to tell if a phone is running the Android operating system. If you are unsure what operating system a phone uses, you can often find the system information by selecting About in the Settings menu. The name "Android" comes from the term android, which refers to a robot designed to look and act like a human.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. 2013. Per Christensson.  7 March 2013. <http://www.techterms.com>





  • Anti-virus
    Antivirus software is a type of utility used for scanning and removing viruses from your computer. While many types of antivirus programs exist, their primary purpose is to protect computers from viruses and remove any viruses that are found.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. 2013. Per Christensson.  7 March 2013.



  • Bandwidth

    The maximum data transfer rate of a network or Internet connection. It measures how much data can be sent over a specific connection in a given amount of time. For example, a gigabit Ethernet connection has a bandwidth of 1,000 Mbps, 125 megabytes per second. An Internet connection via cable modem may provide 25 Mbps of bandwidth.

    When visualizing bandwidth, it may help to think of a network connection as a tube and each bit of data as a grain of sand. If you pour a large amount of sand into a skinny tube, it will take a long time for the sand to flow through it. If you pour the same amount of sand through a wide tube, the sand will finish flowing through the tube much faster. Similarly, a download will finish much faster when you have a high-bandwidth connection rather than a low-bandwidth connection.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. Per Christensson. 28 March 2013.


     

  • Banner
    Banner is the enterprise application that manages the content of employees, payroll, finance,
    human resources, budget, recruiting, admissions, alumni and financial aid. Authorized
    users on our network exist in Banner and are assigned the appropriate rights for their job
    assignment. Most of the College’s systems are integrated with Banner for the identity and
    security of its users. New employees obtain basic rights into Banner after their supervisor
    has completed the ITS System Access Form, but cannot view information or edit data until
    their supervisor submits a Banner Security Access Request Form. (The ITS System Access
    form and Banner Security Access Request Forms are located on the Intranet by clicking on
    the Information Technology Services link and then clicking on the Systems tab.)

    NOTE: Your Banner password expires every 120 days, and is not your Universal Password.
    To reset your Banner password, contact the IT Help Desk. (Training opportunities and
    professional development can be found on the Intranet.)
     
  • BIOS

    The Basic Input/Output System is a program pre-installed on Windows-based computers that the computer uses to start up. The CPU accesses the BIOS even before the operating system is loaded. The BIOS then checks all your hardware connections and locates all your devices. If everything is OK, the BIOS loads the operating system into the computer's memory and finishes the boot-up process.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. Per Christensson. 28 March 2013.


     

  • Blog

    Short for Web Log, this term refers to a list of journal entries posted on a Web page. Anybody who knows how to create and publish a Web page can publish their own blog. Some Web hosts have made it even easier by creating an interface where users can simply type a text entry and hit publish to publish their blog.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. Per Christensson. 28 March 2013.


     

  • Bluetooth

    Is a wireless short range communications specification supported by a special interest group comprised of Ericsson, Nokia, Intel, IBM and Toshiba. It allows cable free connectivity between mobile phones, mobile PCs, printers, and hand helds. The range of Bluetooth is 10 meters (30 feet).It supports voice or data transmissions at a rate of up to 1Mbps and has a frequency range of 2.4 to 2.4835 GHz. It is specifically designed to replace the use of cables between devices, such as to connect wireless keyboard or wireless mouse to the desktop computer. Bluetooth technology is even used to send print job wirelessly from a portable computer to a printer or it is used to connect two mobile phones for transferring certain data like music or files. In today’s world Bluetooth Technology is available in cars too, so that the mobile phone is connected to car Bluetooth and it enables the driver to receive or make calls or even connect his music files to the car stereo system. The signals of Bluetooth can transmit through clothing or other non-metallic objects; hence it can connect directly to any Bluetooth Technology encrypted device.

    Wikipedia, 6/30/15

  • Browser

    A Web browser is the program people use to access the World Wide Web. It interprets HTML code including text, images, hypertext links, Javascript, and Java applets. After rendering the HTML code, the browser displays a nicely formatted page. Some common browsers are Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla FireFox, Google Chrome, and Apple Safari.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. Per Christensson. 7 March 2013. <http://www.techterms.com>



     

  • Cache
    Cache, which is pronounced "cash" stores recently used information so that it can be quickly accessed at a later time. Computers incorporate several different types of caching in order to run more efficiently, thereby improving performance. Common types of caches include browser cache, disk cache, memory cache, and processor cache.

    Tech Terms Dictionary.  <http://www.techterms.com>  Per Christensson.  14 March 2014

     
  • Cisco Clean Access
    A solution provided by Cisco, Inc. that performs network validation. The software performs the following functions: 
    • Requires authentication to the network
    • Validates whether the system connecting to the network meets the minimum security standards.
    • Quarantines the system until it meets the minimum security standards.
    • Provides access to the remediation sites.
    • Once the system is validated as “clean,” allows access to the network.



  • CRN
    (Course Registration Number) Each and every course offered at Owens Community College is given a unique five digit identification number. You can find course availability and their corresponding CRN numbers at the Class Schedule webpage.




  • Daemon
    The word "daemon" actually comes from the Greek language, meaning an "inner or attendant spirit" (Oxford American Dictionary). This is a fitting name, as a computer daemon is a constantly running program that triggers actions when it receives certain input.

    For example, a printer daemon spools information to a printer when a user decides to print a document. A daemon running on a mail server routes incoming mail to the appropriate mailboxes. Web servers use an "HTTPD" daemon that sends data to users when they access Web pages. While daemons were first used by the Unix operating system, they have also been incorporated into Mac OS X, which is Unix-based.

    Tech Terms Dictionary 2014. Per Christensson. 7 April 2014. http://www.techterms.com
     
  • DBMS
    Stands for "Database Management System." In short, a DBMS is a database program. Technically speaking, it is a software system that uses a standard method of cataloging, retrieving, and running queries on data. The DBMS manages incoming data, organizes it, and provides ways for the data to be modified or extracted by users or other programs.

    Some DBMS examples include MySQL, PostgreSQL, Microsoft Access, SQL Server, FileMaker, Oracle, RDBMS, dBASE, Clipper, and FoxPro. Since there are so many database management systems available, it is important for there to be a way for them to communicate with each other. For this reason, most database software comes with an Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) driver that allows the database to integrate with other databases. For example, common SQL statements such as SELECT and INSERT are translated from a program's proprietary syntax into a syntax other databases can understand.

    Tech Terms Dictionary 2014. Per Christensson. 7 April 2014. http://www.techterms.com
  • DFS
    Stands for "Distributed File System." A DFS manages files and folders across multiple computers. It serves the same purpose as a traditional file system, but is designed to provide file storage and controlled access to files over local and wide area networks.

    Even when files are stored on multiple computers, DFS can organize and display the files as if they are stored on one computer. This provides a simplified interface for clients who are given access to the files. Users can also share files by copying them to a directory in the DFS and can update files by editing existing documents. Most distributed file systems provide concurrency control or file locking, which prevents multiple people from editing the same file at the same time.

    There are several types of DFSes, though some of the most common implementations include Server Message Block (SMB), Apple Filing Protocol (AFP), and Microsoft's Distributed File System (often called "MS-DFS" or simply "DFS"). DFS is included as a standard component of Windows Server, while SMB is typically installed on Linux machines.

    Tech Terms Dictionary 2014. Per Christensson. 7 April 2014. http://www.techterms.com
  • DHCP
    Stands for "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol." A network server uses this protocol to dynamically assign IP addresses to networked computers. The DHCP server waits for a computer to connect to it, then assigns it an IP address from a master list stored on the server. DHCP helps in setting up large networks, since IP addresses don't have to be manually assigned to each computer on the network. Because of the slick automation involved with DHCP, it is the most commonly used networking protocol.

    Tech Terms Dictionary 2014. Per Christensson. 7 April 2014. http://www.techterms.com
  • Direct3D
    Direct3D is an application program interface (API) developed by Microsoft that provides a set of commands and functions for manipulating 3D objects. By using Direct3D commands, software developers can take advantage of many prewritten functions. This allows programmers to write significantly less code than if they had to write all the functions from scratch. Direct3D makes it relatively easy to manage three-dimensional objects, including lighting and shadows as well.

    In order for a software program to use Direct3D commands, the computer's video card or graphics accelerator device must support Direct3D. Fortunately, just about all video cards made for PCs offer Direct3D support. While many video games and other programs use Direct3D, OpenGL is a more widely used standard.

    Tech Terms Dictionary 2014. Per Christensson. 7 April 2014. http://www.techterms.com
     
  • Directory
    A directory is another name for a folder. Files on your hard disk are organized into various folders, or directories, so that it is easier to keep track of them. For example, you may keep your pictures in one folder and your music files in another folder. Folders can also contain other folders, allowing for more specific organization.

    Since you can have folders within a folder, files on your hard drive are organized much like branches on a tree. The main directory on your hard drive is appropriately called the "root directory." Folders that exist within the root directory most likely contain other folders, which may branch out to even more folders.

    When you are browsing one directory and want to open the folder that contains the current directory, it is called "moving up a directory." As you move up directories, you will eventually move up to the root directory. In Windows, this may be your C:\ directory, while on the Mac it will be the name of your hard drive, such as "Macintosh HD."

    Tech Terms Dictionary 2014. Per Christensson. 7 April 2014. http://www.techterms.com
     
  • DNS
    Stands for "Domain Name System." The primary purpose of DNS is to keep Web surfers sane. Without DNS, we would have to remember the IP address of every site we wanted to visit, instead of just the domain name. Can you imagine having to remember "17.254.3.183" instead of just "apple.com"?

    The reason the Domain Name System is used is because Web sites are acutally located by their IP addresses. For example, when you type in "http://www.adobe.com," the computer doesn't immediately know that it should look for Adobe's Web site. Instead, it sends a request to the nearest DNS server, which finds the correct IP address for "adobe.com." Your computer then attempts to connect to the server with that IP number. DNS is just another one of the many features of the Internet that we take for granted.

    Tech Terms Dictionary. April 2014. Per Christensson. http://www.techterms.com
     
  • Faculty Role
    The role of faculty allows access to managed resources, such as e-mail, calendaring, Ozone, etc.




  • Faculty Role Access Rules
    Persons in the faculty role will be granted the following access to Owens' systems;
    1. Blackboard
    2. Ozone
    3. Student network
    4. Remote access to administrative and student network files
    5. Groupwise account
      1. Faculty start with 100 MB of email disk space. When asked they will be expanded to 512 MB, then 1024 MB, incrementing 512 MB per request.
      2. Faculty will have an “@owens.edu” email address.



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